Ministry Of Praise

Five Part Series


J.M. Beatty

Two Tabernacles

Ministry of Praise Study One

The Old Testament is filled with prophecy, symbolism, types and shadows that find there fulfillment and significance in the revelation of the New Testament. Lets examine this principle in the two tabernacles we find in the Old Testament.

Reference: Heb 8:5; 9:19-24; 10:1; 1Cor 10:1-6

Tabernacle of Moses

Heb 8:5 Who serve unto the example and shadow of heavenly things, as Moses was admonished of God when he was about to make the tabernacle: for, See, saith he, that thou make all things according to the pattern shewed to thee in the mount. (KJV)

Heb 9:23-24 It was therefore necessary that the patterns of things in the heavens should be purified with these; but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these. (24) For Christ is not entered into the holy places made with hands, which are the figures of the true; but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for us:

The author of Hebrews understood that was admonished by God to erect his wilderness tabernacle according to the spiritual pattern shown him on Mt. Sinai. Hebrews also states that the pattern revealed to Moses was based on the true elements found in heaven. The tabernacle given to Moses is a figure, example, and a shadow of a divine and eternal place in the heavens.

Heavenly Pattern

According to the author of Hebrews the elements found in the tabernacle of Moses are patterned upon items found in heaven. Lets see!




Arc of Covenant

Gold covered box that contained the tablets of the law, Pot of Manna, and Aaron's Rod. The lid of the box was called the Mercy Seat with two Cherubs.

Rev 11:19 "And the temple of God was opened in heaven, and there was seen in his temple the ark of his testament Ö"

Golden Altar of Incense

The altar found in the holy place used to burn holy, sacred incense. Incense is a symbol of Prayer (Ps 141:1-2; Heb 7:25, 9:24)

Rev 8:3"And another angel came and stood at the altar, having a golden censer; and there was given unto him much incense, that he should offer it with the prayers of all saints upon the golden altar which was before the throne"

Table of Shewbread

Gold table that held the twelve (12) loaves of bread which were used for the priests to eat.

Rev 2:17 "Ö To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the hidden manna Ö"

Golden Candlestick

A seven branched Lamp stand with seven oil lamps not candles. Used to illuminate the Sanctuary.

Rev 1:12-13 "Ö I saw seven golden candlesticks; Ö And in the midst of the seven candlesticks one like unto the Son of manÖ"

Brazen Altar

The altar that received the blood sacrifice and consumed it with fire.

Rev 6:9 "I saw under the altar the souls of them that were slain for the word of God, and for the testimony which they held:"

Brazen Laver

A wash basin used by the priests to clean themselves before entering the holy place. Known as the Molten Sea in Solomon's Temple

Rev 4:6 "And before the throne there was a sea of glass like unto crystalÖ"

Camp Arrangement

Wilderness camp arranged in the shape of a cross with four standards. Each standard represented a different creature in creation (Ox, Man, Eagle, Lion)

Rev 4:6 " Ö and in the midst of the throne, and round about the throne, were four beasts full of eyes before and behind."

It should be obvious that Moses experience the Temple and the Throne Room of God in heaven. The book of Revelation provides us a vivid description of the true elements found in the pattern of Moses.

Why did to assemble a tabernacle based upon His pattern found in heaven?

Exod 25:8 And let them make me a sanctuary; that I may dwell among them. (KJV)

The answer is simple. God desired to dwell with the children of Israel in familiar surrounding.

Jesus Christ Fulfillment

We see the pattern of Moses in the heavenly temple of God, but we also have a prophetic fulfillment to this pattern in the person of Jesus Christ.


New Testament Revelation Found in Jesus Christ

Arc of Covenant

The mercy seat received the blood of the sacrifice as an offering for sin once per year. Jesus became the mediator of the New Testament through the atonement of His own blood (Heb 9)

Golden Altar of Incense

Golden Altar of prayer, while Jesus Christ is our eternal Intercessor (Heb 7:25)

Table of Shewbread

The Shewbread is symbolic of eternal bread of life, and we see Jesus Christ being Bread of Life (Jn 6:35, 48)

Golden Candlestick

Menorah designed to provide light in the Sanctuary, while Jesus Christ is the light of the world (Jn 8:12)

Brazen Altar

The altar speaks of the righteousness of God, and His grace in regards to the penalty of sin. Jesus Christ endured the penalty and pain of sin in order that He would become the agent of God's righteousness.

Brazen Laver

Speaks of the baptisms of Christ (water and Fire) (Lk 3:16)

Camp Arrangement

Arranged in the form of a Cross (Jn 12:32)

The tabernacle of Moses was more than a pattern of true temple of heaven. It was a prophetic symbol depicting the mission and purpose of the coming of Jesus Christ.

Tabernacle of David

To understand the tabernacle of David we must recognize the importance of the Ark of the Covenant.

Exod 25:22 And there I will meet with thee, and I will commune with thee from above the mercy seat, from between the two cherubims which are upon the ark of the testimony, of all things which I will give thee in commandment unto the children of Israel. (KJV)

The Ark of the Covenant, with the Mercy Seat and Cherubim, was the place of meeting with God. Between the wings of the Cherubim the holy manifest presence of God would interact with the children of Israel. The Ark of the Covenant was much more than a symbol of God's presence to Israel, it was God's presence.

Brief History

History. The history of the Ark is in accordance with its intensely moral character. As the symbol of the Lord's presence, it was borne by the priests in advance of the host ((Num. 10:33; Deut. 1:33); see also (Ps. 132:8)). At its presence the waters of the Jordan separated; only when it was carried to the farther shore did the waters resume their usual course (Josh. 3:11-17; 4:7,11,18). The Ark was carried about Jericho at the time of its downfall (6:4-12). Very naturally, the neighboring nations, ignorant of spiritual worship, looked upon the Ark as the god of Israel (1 Sam. 4:6-7), a delusion that may have been strengthened by the figures of the cherubim upon it.

The Ark remained at Shiloh until the time of Eli, when it was carried along with the army, in the hope that it would secure victory for the Israelites against the Philistines. The latter were not only victorious but also captured the Ark (1 Sam. 4:3-11); but they were glad to return it after seven months (5:7). It was taken to Kiriath-jearim (7:2), where it remained until the time of David. Its removal to Jerusalem was delayed three months by the death of Uzzah while carelessly handling it. Meanwhile it rested in the house of Obed-edom, from which it was taken, with greatest rejoicing, to Mt. Zion (2 Sam. 6:1-19). (from New Unger's Bible Dictionary)

The history of the Ark indicates that the children of Israel believed that God's presence followed His Ark, therefore the Ark was carried before Israel's armies before going into battle. During the High Priest ministry of Eli the armies of Israel were destroyed by the Philistines, who also captured the Ark. For seven months the Ark remained among these people, but the many misfortunes that overtook them made them think that the possession of the ark was destructive to them and they sent it back on an Ox cart. The Ark came to rest at Kiriath-jearim for nearly twenty years.

When David became king, he was burdened with the desire to bring the Ark home to Jerusalem, therefore he commissioned a new Ox cart to transport it. This action was disastrous, resulting in the death of Uzzah his dear friend, who attempted to stabilize the Ark when the Oxen stumbled. David was stunned by this occurrence. Why would God allow his best friend to die when engaged in such a noble mission? King David allow the Ark to remain at the home of Obed-edom for nearly three months.

We do not truly know what David did after this occurrence, because the Bible goes silent. We can only speculate about this silent period from the next historic moment of the Ark. Let me list a few speculative thoughts.

Historical Note: The Wilderness Tabernacle of Moses was still in existence and erected at Gibeon 6 miles from Jerusalem.

The result of David's three month hiatus was the order and construction of the Tabernacle of David.

The Book of Revelation

The Tabernacle of David was revolutionary and divinely inspired. Should David had followed scriptural mandate, he would have ordered the Ark of the Covenant to be carried by the Levites to the wilderness tabernacle erected at Gibeon and restore the Mosaic form of priesthood ministry and worship with animal sacrifice. This did not occur! King David ordered the Ark to be carried by the Levites to the city of Jerusalem, and to come to rest on Mount Zion in a tabernacle erected according to a new pattern.

I'm convinced that David experienced the divine heavenly scene of the Great Multitude worshipping God in the holy tabernacle of heaven. Moses experience the heavenly temple and a portion of God's throne, while King David observed Great Multitude around God's throne. Both men of God were commanded to erect tabernacles based upon their experiences.

David's Pattern

David, now a blaze, with new revelation brings the Ark to Mount Zion in Jerusalem with great rejoicing and parade. He established a new form of worship revolutionary to the pattern of worship instituted by Moses. Lets consider the various expressions of Davidic Worship to be found in the Tabernacle of David.



Moses Compared



Levites appointed as singers

Only Silence

1Chr 15:16-27


Musicians appointed to play

Only Silence

1Chr 2:5

Levites Before Ark

Levites ministered before Ark continually day by day

High Priest only once per year

1Chr 16:4


Levites transcribe/record all holy prophetic songs

Moses only one who wrote inspired scripture

1Chr 16:4


Giving thanks to the Lord

Voluntary Thanks Offerings

1Chr 16:4,8


Praising Lord for His mercy and goodness

Only Silence

1Chr 16:4, 36


Writing/Singing of Psalms

Only Silence

1Chr 16:9


Continual Rejoicing and Joy


1Chr 16:10

Clapping of Hands

Sons of Korah exhorted the people to clap their hands

Only Silence

1Chr 16:10


Much shouting when Ark entered Tabernacle

Only Silence

1Chr 15:28


David danced before the Ark

Solemn Procession

1Chr 15:29

Lifting Hands

Lifting hands in worship


Psalms 134


Levites were to bow in worship before the Lord

Afar Off

1Chr 16:29

Seeking the Lord

Levites to Seek Face of Lord

Sought Tabernacle

1Chr 16:10-11

Spiritual Sacrifices

Sacrifices of Joy, Praise, and Thanksgiving

Animal Sacrifices

Heb 13:15-16

Saying Amen

Amen to Blessings

Amen to Curses (Duet. 27:15-26)

1Chr 16:36

Tabernacles Compared

The Bible teaches that the events of the Old Testament are types and shadows of events and symbols found in the New Testament (1Cor 10:1-6). With this thought in mind we should find New Testament counterparts to the tabernacles of the Old Testament.


Moses' Tabernacle

David's Tabernacle

Shadow Fulfilled

Jesus Christ

Body of Christ

Book of Revelation

Throne Room/Temple/Great Sea

Throne Room/Great Multitude


Mt. Sinai - Old Covenant

(Gal 4:22-31)

Mt. Zion - New Covenant

(Heb 12:18-24)

Prophecy of Christ

First Advent of Christ

Second Advent of Christ

Pattern of Worship

Jesus Christ (High Priest)

Body of Christ (Book of Acts)

Christ's Ministries

Eternal High Priest and Mediator of the New Covenant

King of Kings and Head of the Body of Christ

Coming Again

Why should we be concerned about the tabernacles of the Bible? The study of David's tabernacle is interesting, but it has no real application in my family or church today.

Book of Acts

Amos 9:11 In that day will I raise up the tabernacle of David that is fallen, and close up the breaches thereof; and I will raise up his ruins, and I will build it as in the days of old:

Acts 15:16 After this I will return, and will build again the tabernacle of David, which is fallen down; and I will build again the ruins thereof, and I will set it up: (KJV)

We are a people who love Bible prophecy, and David's tabernacle is an important subject found in prophecy. Amos, the Prophet, envisioned a day when God would raise up the tabernacle of David once again. James, the Pastor of Jerusalem church, reaffirmed that the tabernacle of David was being raised up again in the body of Christ.

From the dissertation provided by Peter and James in Acts chapter 15 we must conclude that the New Testament church pattern is established on the pattern we find in the tabernacle of David. We find in the tabernacle of David great praise and worship, corporate levitical ministry, song and dance, and the great congregation assembled as one body seeking the face of Jesus Christ. Bible prophecy does not foreshadow a building again of the tabernacle of Moses, because Jesus Christ is the final and eternal fulfillment of this type and shadow.

Second Coming

We notice that the tabernacle of Moses found its fulfillment in the first advent of Jesus Christ. During these eventful years Jesus established His eternal High Priest ministry, with His blood being the final blood sacrifice that ended the era of the tabernacle of Moses and ushered in the New Testament based upon the pattern provided by David.

The body of Christ is based on the pattern of David's tabernacle. The resurrection of Jesus Christ signaled the establishment of a new covenant and this new tabernacle pattern. The renting of the temple veil with the death of Christ clearly symbolized this truth (Mt 27:51; Mk 15:38; Lk 23:45).

Isa 16:5 And in mercy shall the throne be established: and he shall sit upon it in truth in the tabernacle of David, judging, and seeking judgment, and hasting righteousness. (KJV)

Zech 6:12-13 And speak unto him, saying, Thus speaketh the LORD of hosts, saying, Behold the man whose name is The BRANCH; and he shall grow up out of his place, and he shall build the temple of the LORD: (13) Even he shall build the temple of the LORD; and he shall bear the glory, and shall sit and rule upon his throne; and he shall be a priest upon his throne: and the counsel of peace shall be between them both. (KJV)

Isaiah envisioned a coming day when the throne of the Messiah would be established in mercy, and Jesus Christ would sit upon this throne is truth, judgment, and righteousness. This prophecy foreshadows the coming of Jesus Christ as our eternal reigning King. When this event occurs the tabernacle of David will find its final and eternal completion with the establishment of the kingdom of God on earth.

Zecheriah, the Prophet also saw a coming day when the Messiah - Jesus Christ - would come and build the Temple of the LORD. According to his vision this event will occur when the Messiah sits upon His throne as both King and Priest. Zecheriah also understood that this event would signal an era of great peace and the temple of LORD being built. The book of Revelation also speaks of this event occurring during the millenium reign of Jesus Christ in New Jerusalem.

Rev 21:22-27 And I saw no temple therein: for the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb are the temple of it. (23) And the city had no need of the sun, neither of the moon, to shine in it: for the glory of God did lighten it, and the Lamb is the light thereof. (24) And the nations of them which are saved shall walk in the light of it: and the kings of the earth do bring their glory and honour into it. (25) And the gates of it shall not be shut at all by day: for there shall be no night there. (26) And they shall bring the glory and honour of the nations into it. (27) And there shall in no wise enter into it any thing that defileth, neither whatsoever worketh abomination, or maketh a lie: but they which are written in the Lamb's book of life. (KJV)

John, the Revelator, witnessed the coming of New Jerusalem and the Temple of the LORD being a communion between God, the Father and the Lamb with the holy saints found written in the Lamb's book of Life. Zecheriah notice that the temple of the LORD would be built not a temple dedicated to God, the Father.

Solomon's Temple

The tabernacle of David was not the final resting place of the Ark of the Covenant. According to the Bible the Ark was moved to the Temple of Solomon during the dedication service (1Kings 8:1-21; 2Chron 5; 6:1-11). In order to understand human history and Bible prophecy we must follow the movements and the events surrounding the Ark of the Covenant. The Ark coming to Solomon's Temple was its final resting place; we have no other historical event that tracked the movement of the Ark of the Covenant. In type and shadow Solomon's temple symbolizes the building of the Temple of the LORD in New Jerusalem.


We think the song service is designed to prepare the congregation for the ministry of the word. This thought is true, but it is only a small part of the reason we engage in corporate worship and praise. When we see songs of praise, musical instruments, appointed dancers, and hands raised in worship we are seeing the tabernacle of David coming forth in our midst. I believe our corporate worship time is the most important event of our services. Its during these times that we commune with our Lord and Savior, Jesus Christ between the wings of the Cherubim.

Heb 13:15 By him therefore let us offer the sacrifice of praise to God continually, that is, the fruit of our lips giving thanks to his name. (KJV)

Let us take upon ourselves the levitical ministry of bringing forth the Ark of the Covenant in our midst through our continual sacrifice of praise, worship, and service.

Zion Protocol

Ministry Of Praise Study Two

From our studies concerning the tabernacle of David and the ark of the covenant we learned that the holy hill of Zion was the most sacred site in Old Testament Jerusalem. The Bible has much to say about the Zion of God. In fact it is used as a symbol of the manifest presence of Jesus. Lets study the influence the Zion of God has on our relationship with him today.

Holy Hill

Ps 2:6 Yet have I set my king upon my holy hill of Zion. (KJV)

Ps 9:11 Sing praises to the LORD, which dwelleth in Zion: declare among the people his doings. (KJV)

The book of Psalms teach us that we find the Lord and His Kingship on the holy hill of Zion. When we submit our lives to the Lordship/Kingship of Jesus we are abiding in the Zion of God in symbolic fashion. Notice that songs of praise to the Lord are found in Zion.

Ps 15:1-5 LORD, who shall abide in thy tabernacle? who shall dwell in thy holy hill? (2) He that walketh uprightly, and worketh righteousness, and speaketh the truth in his heart. (3) He that backbiteth not with his tongue, nor doeth evil to his neighbour, nor taketh up a reproach against his neighbour. (4) In whose eyes a vile person is contemned; but he honoureth them that fear the LORD. He that sweareth to his own hurt, and changeth not. (5) He that putteth not out his money to usury, nor taketh reward against the innocent. He that doeth these things shall never be moved. (KJV)

Who shall abide in the tabernacle of God? Who shall dwell in the holy hill of Zion? The answers we give to these two questions will reveal the depth spiritual Zion has been etched into our hearts.

We must ask ourselves these soul-searching questions and seek honest and truthful answers. These qualities are characteristic of those who fear God and seek His face. To abide in the spiritual Zion is not the casual encounter we have with God, but it is a life dedicated to His purpose and mission. We establish our lives in the Zion on Mondays not on Sundays.

Zion in the Heart

Ps 84:5-7 Blessed is the man whose strength is in thee; in whose heart are the ways of them. (6) Who passing through the valley of Baca make it a well; the rain also filleth the pools. (7) They go from strength to strength, every one of them in Zion appeareth before God. (KJV)

The Bible speaks that true attitude of Zion must be found in our hearts. In the days of King David, Zion had a physical location, but David understood that the true Zion of God must be found in each and every person's heart.

Every person in Zion appears before God. This is a powerful statement that establishes the fact that the people who love Zion also seek the manifest presence of God.


Ps 102:13 Thou shalt arise, and have mercy upon Zion: for the time to favour her, yea, the set time, is come. (KJV)

We find God's mercy in Zion, because judgmental self-righteousness cannot ascend the holy hill.


Ps 110:2 The LORD shall send the rod of thy strength out of Zion: rule thou in the midst of thine enemies. (KJV)

In Zion we find our source of spiritual strength. Remember this fact the next time we think we will faint in our walk with Christ.


Ps 125:1 They that trust in the LORD shall be as mount Zion, which cannot be removed, but abideth for ever. (KJV)

Those who trust in the Lord have found Zion in their hearts, and they cannot be moved away from God.


Ps 128:5 The LORD shall bless thee out of Zion: and thou shalt see the good of Jerusalem all the days of thy life. (KJV)

The source of all spiritual blessing comes from Zion establish in our minds and hearts.

Zion Built Up

Ps 102:16 When the LORD shall build up Zion, he shall appear in his glory. (KJV)

Ps 102:16 For the LORD will rebuild Zion and appear in his glory. (NIV)

The Bible speaks of the fact that it is the mission of the Lord to build up Zion in our hearts and minds. When this has occurred He will appear in our lives in glory and splendor. The NIV indicates that the mission of the Lord is dedicated to the rebuilding of Zion in the lives of those who have lost sight of His holy hill.

God's Habitation

Ps 132:13 For the LORD hath chosen Zion; he hath desired it for his habitation. (KJV)

We read that Zion is God's habitation. When we allow the Lord to build up Zion in our hearts He will dwell in our midst.


Ps 65:1 Praise waiteth for thee, O God, in Sion: and unto thee shall the vow be performed. (KJV)

Ps 99:9 Exalt the LORD our God, and worship at his holy hill; for the LORD our God is holy. (KJV)

Should we desire to see Zion built in our hearts, then we must dedicate ourselves to heartfelt praise and worship.


New Hope Christian Fellowship is a congregation who was dedicated to the service of the Lord in praise and worship. We were a people who hungered for the manifest presence of God, and we sought for the spiritual Zion of God.

Satan's Theft

Joel 1:4 That which the palmerworm hath left hath the locust eaten; and that which the locust hath left hath the cankerworm eaten; and that which the cankerworm hath left hath the caterpiller eaten. (KJV)

How Satan hates the Zion of God because of His intense praise. Slowly but surely, Satan's evil devices brought strife and disunity to our us.

Ps 133:1-3 Behold, how good and how pleasant it is for brethren to dwell together in unity! (2) It is like the precious ointment upon the head, that ran down upon the beard, even Aaron's beard: that went down to the skirts of his garments; (3) As the dew of Hermon, and as the dew that descended upon the mountains of Zion: for there the LORD commanded the blessing, even life for evermore. (KJV)

Strife and disunity eroded the Zion of God in our hearts to the point of our near congregational death. Satan understands that when a congregation comes to dwell in the Zion of God great damage is caused to his kingdom of darkness.

Call to Restoration

Isa 42:22-23 But this is a people robbed and spoiled; they are all of them snared in holes, and they are hid in prison houses: they are for a prey, and none delivereth; for a spoil, and none saith, Restore. (23) Who among you will give ear to this? who will hearken and hear for the time to come? (KJV)

The day of our visitation has come let the call of restoration be heard in our congregational meetings and our homes. God will appear in glory when He has rebuilt Zion in our hearts again.

Joel 2:25-27 And I will restore to you the years that the locust hath eaten, the cankerworm, and the caterpiller, and the palmerworm, my great army which I sent among you. (26) And ye shall eat in plenty, and be satisfied, and praise the name of the LORD your God, that hath dealt wondrously with you: and my people shall never be ashamed. (27) And ye shall know that I am in the midst of Israel, and that I am the LORD your God, and none else: and my people shall never be ashamed. (KJV)

I believe the promise to our congregation is the fact that God will restore the years taken from us by Satan, and He shall dwell in our midst because Zion has been rebuilt in our hearts and minds.

Sacrifice Of Praise

Ministry Of Praise Study Three

Heb 13:15 By him therefore let us offer the sacrifice of praise to God continually, that is, the fruit of our lips giving thanks to his name. (KJV)

We read in the Bible that we are to offer the sacrifice of praise to God continually. Its impossible to underestimate the value of praise since the Bible makes reference to praise 312 times. This is profound since the Bible only references "Salvation" 152 times. It this study we will examine the who, what, when, where, why, and how of praise.

We all know that the object of our praise must be God, since we donít praise the sun, moon and the stars. Lets begin our study by seeking to address the basic questions of good research and journalism.

Why Should We Praise the Lord?

Why should we praise the Lord? Before we invest our time and effort into a spiritual activity should we not understand why.

It is impossible to list all the reasons why we should praise the Lord, but all the reasons can be summed up into one mighty reason. Praise is the key to God's holy presence.

Ps 22:3 But thou art holy, O thou that inhabitest (enthroned) the praises of Israel. (KJV)

Should we want the presence of God in our lives then we must learn to praise and worship Him from an honest heart. When we encounter God in the midst of praise His character is slowly etched on our hearts.

When Should We Praise the Lord?

Our theme verse made it vividly clear that we are to praise the Lord continually. The Bible makes the same basic statement is several different ways: lets see.

These scripture verses should make it clear that praise is much more than corporate singing at church. Praise is a attitude of heart, a lifestyle we live in our walk with God.

Where Should We Praise the Lord?

We certainly must praise the Lord in every aspect of our Christian walk, but the Bible makes reference also to times when it's important for us to gather together.

Praise and worship also requires public demonstration. Should we think that praise is only a silent prayer we offer in the privacy of our own homes, then we need to search our hearts for pride and fear. 

Who Should Praise the Lord?

The Bible gives various categories of people who are to praise the Lord. The list will include everyone.

As we can see all of God's creation must praise the Lord. We also can conclude that all His creation has the ability to praise Him.

What Should We Praise About the Lord?

The thought of praising our God could be confusing. What about God do we praise?

The List is endless; its overwhelming to look into the Bible for the various attributes of God we should include in our praise/worship. To simplify this issue we should worship the Lord, our God.

How Should We Praise the Lord?

Rom 12:1-2 I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, which is your reasonable service. (2) And be not conformed to this world: but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what is that good, and acceptable, and perfect, will of God.

reasonable - logikos (logikh\n - log-ik-os'/3050); from 3056; rational ("logical"): KJV-- reasonable, of the word.

service - latreia (latrei/an - lat-ri'-ah/2999); from 3000; ministration or God, i.e. worship: KJV-- (divine) service.

latreia- (Thayer Greek/English Lexicon)

1) service rendered for hire; any service or ministration: the service of God

2) the service and worship of God according to the requirements of the Levitical law

3) to perform sacred services

Notice that our reasonable service according to these verses is our worship of God according to the word. We are admonished to present our bodies as living sacrifices to God is a holy fashion. Our acceptable presentation is determined by our worship according to the pattern and requirements of the word of God.

Reference: Psa 9:1; 57:7; 111:1

Our Voices

Our Hands

Our Bodies


Ps 119:7 I will praise thee with uprightness of heart, when I shall have learned thy righteous judgments. (KJV)

Ps 119:171 My lips shall utter praise, when thou hast taught me thy statutes. (KJV)

The Bible clearly states that we are to praise and worship God with our whole heart. We must let our bodies be holy expressions of our heart felt worship and praise. We shall utter true praise when we have learned God's righteous judgments and statues in His holy writ. Should we, as a local congregation, desire to enter a greater arena of praise and worship then let us offer to God a sacrifice of praise according to His biblical pattern. This basic spiritual principle also applies to our personal lives. Should we desire a greater awareness and experience with God then seek Him according to the biblical pattern of praise and worship.

Special thanks to the publication entitled "Present Day Truths" by Dick Iverson published by Bible Temple Publications (7545 N.E. Glisan St.; Portland, Oregon 97213)

Seven Hebrew Words

Ministry Of Praise Study Four

To praise the Lord is the greatest thing we can do, but so few Christians have a concept of the true magnitude of proper biblical praise. We open our hymnals to sing a few songs, and when finished we sit with the thought that we have praised the Lord. The book of Psalms is our instructional guidebook to the biblical types of praise. Lets study the seven Hebrew words used in the book of Psalms for the English word of praise.


towdah (yT!j=f^B - to-daw'/8426); from 3034; properly, an extension of the hand, i.e. (by implication) avowal, or (usually) adoration; specifically, a choir of worshippers: KJV-- confession, (sacrifice of) praise, thanks (-giving, offering).

towdah- (Brown-Driver-Biggs Lexicon)

confession, praise, thanksgiving a) give praise to God b) thanksgiving in songs of liturgical worship, a hymn of praise c) a thanksgiving choir or a procession or a line or a company d) a thank-offering, a sacrifice of thanksgiving e) confession.

Ps 26:7 That I may publish with the voice of thanksgiving, and tell of all thy wondrous works. (KJV)

Ps 50:23 Whoso offereth praise glorifieth me: and to him that ordereth his conversation aright will I shew the salvation of God. (KJV)

Ps 100:4 Enter into his gates with thanksgiving, and into his courts with praise: be thankful unto him, and bless his name.

Towdah praise is an expressive form of worship that includes the use of our hands. The Hebrew word has the implication of our hands raised and extended outward in adoration and thanksgiving. Towdah praise can also include a choir or a procession of thanksgiving. Notice that we enter the gates of the Lord with thanksgiving, and we glorify God with our Towdah praise.


yadah (ova - yaw-daw'/3034); a primitive root; used only as denominative from 3027; literally, to use (i.e. hold out) the hand; physically, to throw (a stone, an arrow) at or away; especially to revere or worship (with extended hands); intensively, to bemoan (by wringing the hands): KJV-- cast (out), (make) confess (-ion), praise, shoot, (give) thank (-ful, -s, -sgiving).

yadah- (Brown-Driver-Biggs Lexicon)

to throw, to shoot, to cast - (Qal) to shoot (arrows) (Piel) to cast, to cast down, to throw down (Hiphil) to give thanks, to laud, praise; to confess, to confess (the name of God) (Hithpael) to confess (sin); to give thanks;

Ps 100:4 Enter into his gates with thanksgiving, and into his courts with praise: be thankful unto him, and bless his name.

Ps 109:30 I will greatly praise the LORD with my mouth; yea, I will praise him among the multitude. (KJV)

Yadah is found nearly 120 times in the Hebrew Bible, and as is to be expected, this word is found most frequently in the Book of Psalms (some 70 times). (from Vine's Expository Dictionary of Biblical Words)

Yadah praise speaks of the extension of the hands also, but the word has the implication of hands extended upward and turned inward as a sign of reverence and worship. The word is also used to indicate a thankful heart. When we confess the name of God in worship we are offering Yadah praise and thanksgiving.


halal (yt!d*Wxm - haw-lal'/1984); a primitive root; to be clear (orig. of sound, but usually of color); to shine; hence, to make a show, to boast; and thus to be (clamorously) foolish; to rave; causatively, to celebrate; also to stultify: KJV-- (make) boast (self), celebrate, commend, (deal, make), fool (-ish, -ly), glory, give [light], be (make, feignself) mad (against), give in marriage, [sing, be worthy of] praise, rage, renowned, shine.

halal- (Brown-Driver-Biggs Lexicon)

1) to shine (Qal) to shine (figurative of God's favor) (Hiphil) to flash forth light - 2) to praise, to boast, to be boastful (Qal) to be boastful; boastful ones, boasters (participle) (Piel) to praise; to boast, to make a boast; (Pual) to be praised, to be made praiseworthy, to be commended, to be worthy of praise (Hithpael) to boast, to glory, to make one's boast (Poel) to make a fool of, to make into a fool (Hithpoel) to act madly, to act like a madman.

Ps 34:1-2 I will bless the LORD at all times: his praise shall continually be in my mouth. (2) My soul shall make her boast in the LORD: the humble shall hear thereof, and be glad. (KJV)

Ps 56:4 In God I will praise his word, in God I have put my trust; I will not fear what flesh can do unto me. (KJV)

Ps 119:164 Seven times a day do I praise thee because of thy righteous judgments. (KJV)

Halal praise is a loud boastful celebration in the Lord. This Hebrew word has the application of being clamorously foolish, and even the application of acting like a madman. We extract the word Hallelujah the Hebrew word "Halal" which means "Praise the Lord".


barak (Whn+k#r&b - baw-rak'/1288); a primitive root; to kneel; by implication to bless God (as an act of adoration), and (vice-versa) man (as a benefit); also (by euphemism) to curse (God or the king, as treason): KJV-- X abundantly, X altogether, X at all, blaspheme, bless, congratulate, curse, X greatly, X indeed, kneel (down), praise, salute, X still, thank.

barak- (Brown-Driver-Biggs Lexicon)

1) to bless, to kneel - (Qal) to kneel; to bless; (Niphal) to be blessed, to bless oneself; (Piel) to bless; (Pual) to be blessed, to be adored; (Hiphil) to cause to kneel; (Hithpael) to bless oneself - 2) Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament: to praise, to salute, to curse

Ps 16:7 I will bless the LORD, who hath given me counsel: my reins also instruct me in the night seasons. (KJV)

Ps 34:1 I will bless the LORD at all times: his praise shall continually be in my mouth.

Ps 72:15 And he shall live, and to him shall be given of the gold of Sheba: prayer also shall be made for him continually; and daily shall he be praised. (KJV)

Barak praise is actually a form of worship that involves blessing and worshipping God while kneeling. When we enter Barak praise a sense of awe and adoration comes upon us.


zamar (ovar) - zaw-mar'/2167); a primitive root [perhaps ident. with 2168 through the idea of striking with the fingers]; properly, to touch the strings or parts of a musical instrument, i.e. play upon it; to make music, accompanied by the voice; hence to celebrate in song and music: KJV-- give praise, sing forth praises, psalms.

zamar- (Brown-Driver-Biggs Lexicon)

to sing, to sing praise, to make music; (Piel) to make music, to sing - to play a musical instrument

Ps 7:17 I will praise the LORD according to his righteousness: and will sing praise to the name of the LORD most high. (KJV)

Ps 21:13 Be thou exalted, LORD, in thine own strength: so will we sing and praise thy power. (KJV)

Ps 146:2 While I live will I praise the LORD: I will sing praises unto my God while I have any being. (KJV)

Zamar praise is unique because it incorporates musical instrumentation with the voices of song. It fact this Hebrew word is a musical term used to describe the playing of musical instruments in worship.


tehillah (yr@u&V^m teh-hil-law'/8416); from 1984; laudation; specifically (concretely) a hymn: KJV-- praise.

tehillah- (Brown-Driver-Biggs Lexicon)

praise, a song or a hymn of praise - praise, adoration, thanksgiving (paid to God); the act of general or public praise; a praise-song (as a Hebrew title); praise (demanded by qualities or deeds or attributes of God); renown, fame, glory; used of Damascus, God; an object of praise, a possessor of renown (figurative)

Ps 33:1 Rejoice in the LORD, O ye righteous: for praise is comely for the upright. (KJV)

Ps 34:1 I will bless the LORD at all times: his praise shall continually be in my mouth.

Tehillah praise is to sing extemporaneously songs and hymns of the Lord. Simply stated, Tehillah praise is to vocalize adoration and thanksgiving we have for God. This type of praise also is the act of public praise.


shabach (/K@ vd#Q)B^- shaw-bakh'/7623); a primitive root; properly, to address in a loud tone, i.e. (specifically) loud; figuratively, to pacify (as if by words): KJV-- commend, glory, keep in, praise, still, triumph.

shabach- (Brown-Driver-Biggs Lexicon)

1) to soothe, to still, to stroke - (Piel) to soothe, to still; (Hiphil) stilling (participle) - 2) to laud, to praise, to commend; (Piel) to laud, to praise (God); to commend, to congratulate (the dead); (Hithpael) to boast

Ps 106:47 Save us, O LORD our God, and gather us from among the heathen, to give thanks unto thy holy name, and to triumph in thy praise. (KJV)

Ps 117:1 O praise the LORD, all ye nations: praise him, all ye people. (KJV)

Ps 145:4 One generation shall praise thy works to another, and shall declare thy mighty acts. (KJV)

Shabach praise is the triumphant shout of victory; it is to shout and address the Lord in loud tones.

Biblical Pattern of Praise

There should be no doubt from our study that the Bible addresses many forms of praise and worship. If fact I would like to present the possibility that from these seven Hebrew words we might have a biblical pattern of praise and worship. Psalm 100 depicts spiritual protocol necessary to come into the presence of God, and that protocol is centered around service, song, thanksgiving, and praise.

Ps 100:1-5 Make a joyful noise unto the LORD, all ye lands. (2) Serve the LORD with gladness: come before his presence with singing. (3) Know ye that the LORD he is God: it is he that hath made us, and not we ourselves; we are his people, and the sheep of his pasture. (4) Enter into his gates with thanksgiving, and into his courts with praise: be thankful unto him, and bless his name. (5) For the LORD is good; his mercy is everlasting; and his truth endureth to all generations. (KJV)

We are commanded by the Lord to make a joyful noise unto the Lord. To make a joyful noise is actually a triumphant shout (Ruwa - similar to Shabach). We all should desire God's presence in our lives, and Psalm 100 clearly provides a biblical protocol: lets consider these verses.

Notice that nearly all seven our the Hebrew words used from praise are found in these verses. Consider with me now a biblical protocol established by God to enter His holy presence. I must stress before I continue that service to God is the first and most important key to God's divine presence. But lets consider a possible progression of praise into the deeper dimensions of worship.

To have relationship with God indicates that we enter His presence and commune with Him. Communion with God is our highest goal.

Ps 4:4 Stand in awe, and sin not: commune with your own heart upon your bed, and be still. Selah. (KJV)

Ps 77:6 I call to remembrance my song in the night: I commune with mine own heart: and my spirit made diligent search.

Communion with God is our spiritual life, but in order to abide in His holy presence we must develop the heart of a servant, and we must follow the biblical pattern of thanksgiving and praise.

New Testament Priests

Ministry Of Praise Study Five

Heb 7:15-17 And it is yet far more evident: for that after the similitude of Melchisedec there ariseth another priest, (16) Who is made, not after the law of a carnal commandment, but after the power of an endless life. (17) For he testifieth, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec. (KJV)

Ps 110:4 The LORD hath sworn, and will not repent, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek. (KJV)

Reference: Heb 5:6, 10 6:20 7:11, 21

What legal right does Jesus Christ have to be our High Priest? He is not of the lineage of Aaron, nor does He come from the tribe of Levi. The ancestry of Jesus is from the tribe of Judah of which no priestly authority was imparted. According to the Old Testament Jesus has no legal right to officiate in religious or spiritual matter.

Since this is the case then why is Jesus recognized as our eternal High Priest? The answer is found in these of scripture. Jesus was not anointed and ordained as our High Priest because of a human law or carnal com-mandment. He has the legal right to be our eternal High Priest because of the power of an endless life that dwells in His being.

New Testament Priests

John 17:1-3 These words spake Jesus, and lifted up his eyes to heaven, and said, Father, the hour is come; glorify thy Son, that thy Son also may glorify thee: (2) As thou hast given him power over all flesh, that he should give eternal life to as many as thou hast given him. (3) And this is life eternal, that they might know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou hast sent. (KJV)

I Jn 5:11-12 And this is the record, that God hath given to us eternal life, and this life is in his Son. (12) He that hath the Son hath life; and he that hath not the Son of God hath not life. (KJV)

Reference: Rom 5:21; 6:23; 1Tim 6:12; Titus 3:7; I Jn 2:25

Why is it important we understand the logic behind the legal right Jesus has to be our eternal High Priest?

Our Priesthood

1 Pet 2:5 Ye also, as lively stones, are built up a spiritual house, an holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God by Jesus Christ. (KJV)

1 Pet 2:9 But ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people; that ye should shew forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous light: (KJV)

We read in these two verses that God has called us to be a holy, royal priesthood.

Exod 19:5-6 Now therefore, if ye will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, then ye shall be a peculiar treasure unto me above all people: for all the earth is mine: (6) And ye shall be unto me a kingdom of priests, and an holy nation. These are the words which thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel. (KJV)

Godís desire has always been to have a kingdom of priests who would serve Him as a holy nation. The declarations made by Peter that we are a royal priesthood find there source in the Sinai revelation. God wants a kingdom of priests, and that fact must be clearly understood. Now we come to the crux of Godís call.

How can we be recognized by God as a priest since we are not born of a priestly Jewish tribe?

We have the legal right to stand before God as a royal kingdom of priests in the same fashion as Jesus Christ has the legal right to be our eternal high priest. We have an eternal priesthood because of the power of an endless life (John 17:3). We also are priests forever after the power of an endless life after the order of Melchizedek.

Our Priestly Duty

Heb 5:1 For every high priest taken from among men is ordained for men in things pertaining to God, that he may offer both gifts and sacrifices for sins: (KJV)

Heb 8:1-3 Now of the things which we have spoken this is the sum: We have such an high priest, who is set on the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens; (2) A minister of the sanctuary, and of the true tabernacle, which the Lord pitched, and not man. (3) For every high priest is ordained to offer gifts and sacrifices: wherefore it is of necessity that this man have somewhat also to offer. (KJV)

Heb 10:10-11 By the which will we are sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all. (11) And every priest standeth daily ministering and offering oftentimes the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins:

The Bible clearly teaches that the duties of Godís priests are to offer gifts and sacrifices to God.

Rom 12:1-2 I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, which is your reasonable service. (2) And be not conformed to this world: but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what is that good, and acceptable, and perfect, will of God.

reasonable - logikos (logikh\n - log-ik-os'/3050); from 3056; rational ("logical"): KJV-- reasonable, of the word.

service - latreia (latrei/an - lat-ri'-ah/2999); from 3000; ministration or God, i.e. worship: KJV-- (divine) service.

latreia- (Thayer Greek/English Lexicon)

1) service rendered for hire; any service or ministration: the service of God

2) the service and worship of God according to the requirements of the Levitical law

3) to perform sacred services

Notice that our living sacrifice is based upon our reasonable service. According to these verses our reasonable service is our worship of God according to the word. We are admonished to present our bodies as living sacrifices to God is a holy fashion. Our acceptable presentation is determined by our worship according to the pattern and requirements of the word of God.

Our Sacrifices

We are priests born to offer spiritual sacrifices to God. In Christ we become partakers in His Royal Priesthood. There are many sacrifices that New Testament priests are ordained to offer to God.

It is important to remember our ordination as New Testament priests occurred at our new birth in Christ, but our ordination does not result in our obedience to our priesthood call. Being ordained as a priest does not automatically mean that we are offering the spiritual sacrifices needed to fulfill our duties.


Rom 6:13 Neither yield ye your members as instruments of unrighteousness unto sin: but yield yourselves unto God, as those that are alive from the dead, and your members as instruments of righteousness unto God. (KJV)

We are admonished by the Bible to yield ourselves to God. He wants to use all our members to glorify His kingdom. To yield ourselves to God is a personal choice we must make each and every day we live on this earth.

Our Time

Eph 5:16 Redeeming the time, because the days are evil. (KJV)

Col 4:5 Walk in wisdom toward them that are without, redeeming the time. (KJV)

God has given us time as a trust and stewardship of His kingdom. Our most valuable possession is not our money its our time. We will give money but resist giving time to the work of God.

Our Substance

Phil 4:18 But I have all, and abound: I am full, having received of Epaphroditus the things which were sent from you, an odour of a sweet smell, a sacrifice acceptable, wellpleasing to God. (KJV)

Matt 6:21 For where your treasure is, there will your heart be also. (KJV)

Heb 13:16 And do not forget to do good and to share with others, for with such sacrifices God is pleased. (NIV)

Everything we own belongs to God, all that we own is at the disposal of God. The giving of our substance is a two faceted activity. The first facet is the tithe Ė giving to the storehouse of God, and the second facet is the give to those in need.

Our Good Works

James 2:20 But wilt thou know, O vain man, that faith without works is dead? (KJV)

Heb 13:16 And do not forget to do good and to share with others, for with such sacrifices God is pleased. (NIV)

Faith without works is dead. God has called us to a life of faith, but faith without action and obedience is dead.

Our Fruit

John 15:7-8 If ye abide in me, and my words abide in you, ye shall ask what ye will, and it shall be done unto you. (8) Herein is my Father glorified, that ye bear much fruit; so shall ye be my disciples. (KJV)

Isa 66:19 And I will set a sign among them, and I will send those that escape of them unto the nations, to Tarshish, Pul, and Lud, that draw the bow, to Tubal, and Javan, to the isles afar off, that have not heard my fame, neither have seen my glory; and they shall declare my glory among the Gentiles. (KJV)

Spiritual fruit is the character of God coming forth in our lives. God is glorified by the fruit we produce, and the glory we declare of Him among the nations of the earth.

Sacrifice of Joy

Rom 14:17 For the kingdom of God is not meat and drink; but righteousness, and peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost. (KJV)

2 Cor 4:8-10 We are troubled on every side, yet not distressed; we are perplexed, but not in despair; (9) Persecuted, but not forsaken; cast down, but not destroyed; (10) Always bearing about in the body the dying of the Lord Jesus, that the life also of Jesus might be made manifest in our body. (KJV)

Ps 27:6 And now shall mine head be lifted up above mine enemies round about me: therefore will I offer in his tabernacle sacrifices of joy; I will sing, yea, I will sing praises unto the LORD. (KJV)

True spiritual joy is not a happy, jubilant attitude. The human quality of joy is conditioned on the absence of conflict. The sacrifice of joy is yielding our members to the divine trust of the Holy Spirit. As we learn to place our trust and confidence in the Holy Spirit and the Bible during times of controversy and conflict we will learn to rejoice in times of distress.

King David learned in the mist of conflict and war that God could lift up David above his enemies because he offered the sacrifice of joy in the tabernacle of God. According to David the secret to the sacrifice of joy is to sing and praise the Lord. Praise and worship are vital keys to the spiritual joy of the Lord.

Sacrifice of Thanksgiving

Ps 107:22 And let them sacrifice the sacrifices of thanksgiving, and declare his works with rejoicing. (KJV)

Ps 116:17 I will offer to thee the sacrifice of thanksgiving, and will call upon the name of the LORD. (KJV)

Eph 2:10 For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto good works, which God hath before ordained that we should walk in them. (KJV)

We offer to God the sacrifice of thanksgiving when we declare the works of God with rejoicing. God is working in our lives and this point must be understood. To declare Godís works we first must take the time to recognize His works in our lives. We are Godís workmanship created in Christ Jesus to do good works. To declare Godís works we must stop long enough to see His works.

Sacrifice of Praise

Heb 13:15-16 By him therefore let us offer the sacrifice of praise to God continually, that is, the fruit of our lips giving thanks to his name. (16) But to do good and to communicate forget not: for with such sacrifices God is well pleased.

We find that the sacrifice of praise is closely connected to the offering of thanks to the name of the Lord. Again we see that worship, praise, and thanksgiving are sacrifices that cause God much pleasure.

Broken/Contrite Heart

Ps 51:17 The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit: a broken and a contrite heart, O God, thou wilt not despise. (KJV)

All the sacrifices we offer to God have no meaning if our hearts are absent. True worship and praise comes from the heart not the lips. A heart not broken before the Lord is filled with vain and foolish religion. True relationship with God must be birth from a broken and repentant heart of worship.


From this study we see that all New Testament saints have the duty and responsibility to function as priests before the Lord. Since all saints have the same citizenship in Godís holy nation of priests, then why do we not see all blood bought Christians offer the spiritual sacrifices mandated by the Holy Spirit in the New Testament? The answer is simple. Unless the heart of each Christian is broken and contrite before the Lord true priestly ministry cannot occur. When we allow the world to harden our hearts we frustrate our New Testament priesthood ministry.

Ps 102:16-17 When the LORD shall build up Zion, he shall appear in his glory. (17) He will regard the prayer of the destitute, and not despise their prayer. (KJV)

When the Lord rebuilds spiritual Zion in our lives, He will establish an altar of prayer, praise and worship. Should we want the glory of God in our lives then we must yield to the workmanship of the Lord and allow our priesthood to be expressed from a true broken and contrite heart.